Thyroid disorders can cause several health issues, including diabetes. The clinical relationship between thyroid diseases and diabetes is fast becoming evident. Diabetes and thyroid disorders involve the endocrine system. Both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism can significantly affect the blood glucose levels and insulin requirements. Hypothyroidism affects the ability of the pancreas to produce insulin, which may lead to diabetes.
Studies Relate Thyroid Disorders to Type 2 Diabetes
A study conducted by the Department of Internal Medicine, Research Institute and Diabetes Center, Athens University Medical School, linked abnormal levels of thyroid hormones with type2 diabetes. The study aimed to establish a relationship between variations in the level of thyroid hormones and insulin sensitivity. The researchers studied 78 volunteers, including 17 healthy participants (control group), 22 participants who were first degree relatives of type2 diabetes, 15 participants with impaired capability to handle sugar and 24 type2 diabetes patients.
The researchers collected blood samples from the participants and measured the levels of thyroid hormones. Also, they tested their insulin sensitivity. It was observed that thyroid hormone levels in the control group were lower than the other 3 groups. Moreover, insulin resistance was found to be highest among those with the highest levels of thyroid hormones. The study associated elevated levels of thyroid hormones with insulin resistance. It was concluded that increased thyroid hormones levels can be partly held responsible for causing type2 diabetes.
Studies have also shown that subclinical hypothyroidism can increase the risk of a metabolic syndrome. A metabolic syndrome is often observed among obese people. It increases the risk of diabetes, heart disease and stroke.
Patients suffering from hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism often find it very difficult to manage their diabetes. They feel tired and fatigued. However, proper diet and regular physical exercise can help to maintain healthy thyroid levels, which can improve diabetes management.
To know more about diabetes management, visit www.myiho.com/orlandothyroidproject/. Dr. Marc Ott, DC, and Dr. Heather Carter, DC, have helped numerous diabetics in the greater Orlando area and Central Florida control their disease and live a better quality life.